Mid-Level, Bi-Annual Projections For 2023/24

Under the NBA’s previous Collective Bargaining Agreement, the values of various salary cap exceptions like the mid-level and bi-annual were established years in advance, but the league’s current CBA tweaked how those exceptions are calculated.

Rather than being determined ahead of time, the mid-level and bi-annual exceptions – along with several other cap-related figures and exceptions – are dependent on the movement of the salary cap from year to year. If the cap increases by 5% from one league year to the next, the exceptions increase by the same rate.

As such, we don’t know yet exactly what those exceptions will be worth in 2023/24, but we can make an educated estimate. When the NBA updated its salary cap estimates on June 1, the league projected a $136MM cap for the ’23/24 season. That’d be a 9.98% increase on this year’s $123,655,000 cap. We’ll round up to the maximum allowable 10% and assume the mid-level and bi-annual exceptions would also increase by 10%.

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This season’s projections are further complicated by the fact that the new CBA calls for an additional increase of 7.5% to the non-taxpayer mid-level exception and a one-time 30% bump to the room exception. Meanwhile, the taxpayer mid-level exception has been reduced to a flat $5MM.

Based on a $136,021,000 cap, here’s what the mid-level and bi-annual exceptions would look like in 2023/24:

Mid-Level Exception

Year Standard MLE
Taxpayer MLE Room MLE
2023/24 $12,405,000 $5,000,000 $7,723,000
2024/25 $13,025,250 $5,250,000 $8,109,150
2025/26 $13,645,500 $8,495,300
2026/27 $14,265,750
Total $53,341,500 $10,250,000 $24,327,450

The standard mid-level exception is available to over-the-cap teams that haven’t dipped below the cap to use room and don’t go over the tax apron. It can run for up to four years, with 5% annual raises. Once a team uses the standard/non-taxpayer MLE, that team is hard-capped at the tax apron for the rest of the league year.

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The taxpayer mid-level exception is for in-the-tax teams, or teams that want the flexibility to surpass the tax apron later. It can run for up to two years, with 5% annual raises.

The room exception is for teams that go under the cap and use their space. Once they’ve used all their cap room, they can use this version of the mid-level exception, which runs for up to three years with 5% annual raises.

Bi-Annual Exception

Year BAE Value
2023/24 $4,516,000
2024/25 $4,741,800
Total $9,257,800

The bi-annual exception – which can be used for contracts up to two years, with a 5% raise after year one – is only available to teams that are over the cap and under the tax apron.

It can also only be used once every two years, which will disqualify the Sixers and Heat from using it in 2023/24 — Philadelphia and Miami are the only teams to use their BAEs in 2022/23.

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