Salary Cap

Updated Maximum, Minimum, MLE, BAE Projections For 2023/24

The NBA issued a new salary cap projection for the 2023/24 season on Friday, increasing its estimate for next year’s cap to $134MM.

There are a number of salary figures directly connected to the cap, including the league-wide maximum and minimum salaries, the mid-level exception, and the bi-annual exception. Those figures increase or decrease each year by the same percentage the cap does.

The NBA’s new cap projection meant we had a series of ’23/24 projections of our own in need of updating. Here are the links to those updated numbers:


Maximum salary projections for 2023/24

These are the projected earnings for players who signed maximum salary extensions that will go into effect in 2023, including Ja Morant, Zion Williamson, Nikola Jokic, and Joel Embiid, among others. Jokic’s record-setting super-max extension, previously projected to be worth just shy of $270MM over five years, is now on track to be worth $272MM+.

Minimum salary projections for 2023/24

These are the minimum salaries that a player who signs a standard contract in 2023/24 will be eligible to earn. Next year’s rookie minimum is currently projected to exceed $1.1MM, while the minimum salary for a veteran with at least 10 years of NBA experience will surpass $3MM for the first time in league history.

Mid-level, bi-annual projections for 2023/24

These projections cover the various mid-level exceptions available to teams, including the full (non-taxpayer) mid-level exception, the taxpayer version of the MLE, and the “room” exception for teams that use cap space. A player who signs a four-year contract worth the full mid-level next summer would be in line to receive nearly $49MM over the life of the deal.

The bi-annual exception is also included in these projections — it projects to be worth a record $4,448,000 in ’23/24.


These projections can be found anytime on the right-hand sidebar of our desktop site under “Hoops Rumors Features” or on the “Features” page in our mobile menu. They’ll be updated again later this season if the NBA issues another new cap projection.

2023/24 Salary Cap Projection Increases By $1MM

The NBA has updated its salary cap projections for the 2023/24 season and is now forecasting a $134MM cap and a $162MM luxury tax line, according to Shams Charania of The Athletic (Twitter link), who notes that both figures are an increase of $1MM on the projections from the end of June.

The salary cap for the 2022/23 season is locked in at $123,655,000, so the cap is projected to increase by about $10.35MM. The tax line for this season is $150,267,000, so that figure is projected to increase by about $11.73MM.

We will continue to update our early ’23/24 projections for the minimum salary, maximum salary, and mid-level and bi-annual exceptions throughout the season.

According to Bobby Marks of ESPN (Twitter link), there is a 10% limit on how much the salary cap can increase from this season to next due to the “financial hardship” caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, so $136MM is the maximum possible cap for the 2023/24 season.

Given the projections for ’23/24 have increased before the ’22/23 season has even tipped off, there’s a good chance that it could increase a little more throughout the league year. That could change of course, but as of right now, it seems like a reasonable bet.

Training camps start at the end of September, with the regular season set to start on October 18.

How Rising Salary Cap Could Impact NBA Teams, Players

The NBA’s revenue was significantly impacted in 2020 and 2021 by the COVID-19 pandemic, but rebounded in a big way this past season, resulting in the league’s biggest single-year salary cap bump since 2016.

As John Hollinger of The Athletic writes, the salary cap projects to continue increasing rapidly in the coming years, particularly after the NBA completes a lucrative new television deal that will take effect in 2025. That rising cap will have a real impact on how teams approach contract and extension talks with their players, and how those players weigh their contract decisions.

For starters, the NBA’s Collective Bargaining Agreement prohibits veteran players who are earning more than the league average salary from receiving a raise of more than 20% in the first year of an extension. As a result, players like Dejounte Murray and Jaylen Brown, who have significantly outperformed contracts in the range of $16-26MM per year, are extremely unlikely to sign extensions before they reach free agency, which could result in difficult decisions for teams.

For instance, an inability to extend Murray now and an uneasiness about going all the way to free agency in 2024 with him was believed to be one reason why the Spurs traded the All-Star guard this offseason. Now Brown finds himself in trade rumors as well.

For now, those extension rules are only really creating problems for teams who sign players for less than the maximum and then watch those players prove worthy of max extensions. However, the issue could become more widespread if the cap continues to rocket upward.

According to Hollinger, a “50-60 percent increase in the cap over a period of half a decade” isn’t out of the question, in which case even players who sign maximum-salary contracts may have to put off extensions until their next free agency in order to maximize their earnings.

Given the anticipated cap jumps coming in the next few years, Hollinger suggests that teams may be more willing to lock in long-term deals that look like bad present values, since they’ll be worth a much smaller percentage of the cap by the time they expire. He points to Jordan Poole, RJ Barrett, and Tyler Herro as examples of extension-eligible players who could be worth maximum-salary investments based on current and future cap numbers.

As Hollinger observes, locking in a player to a more lucrative longer-term deal now would also make it more viable to extend that player down the road, whereas a contract like Keldon Johnson‘s new four-year, $80MM pact with the Spurs could make him virtually unextendable if the cap continues to increase by 10% per year (or anything close to it).

Conversely, certain players might become more inclined to seek shorter-term contracts in order to reach unrestricted free agency in 2025 or shortly thereafter, after the NBA’s new TV deal money comes in.

There has been speculation that the NBA and NBPA may agree to “smooth” out a significant salary cap increase across several seasons this time around, rather than allowing a massive one-year spike like in 2016. But either way, the expectation is that there will be an influx of new revenue in the coming years, and the players are entitled to about half of it.

It’s still a little too early to say with any certainty how the NBA’s salary cap outlook is affecting teams’ and players’ decisions, but it’ll be an issue to keep a close eye on going forward.

Rookie Scale Salaries For 2022 NBA First-Round Picks

With the NBA’s salary cap set at $123,655,000 for the 2022/23 league year, the rookie scale has been set as well. The rookie scale locks in the value of contracts for first-round picks.

In every NBA league year, rookie scale amounts are assigned to each first-round slot, from No. 1 through No. 30. Teams can sign their first-rounders to as little as 80% of that rookie scale amount, or up to 120% of that figure.

While that rule theoretically affords teams some flexibility, first-round picks virtually always sign contracts worth 120% of their rookie scale amount, and unsigned first-rounders have a cap hold worth 120% of their rookie scale amount.

Listed below are the salary figures that represent 120% of the rookie scale amounts for 2022’s first-round picks. If a first-round pick signs a rookie scale contract in 2022/23, it will be for the amount below unless he accepts a deal worth less than the maximum allowable 120%. If that happens, we’ll adjust their amounts below.

These salary figures will only apply if the player signs in 2022/23. If a player doesn’t sign an NBA contract this year, his rookie contract will look a little different in future seasons.

Rookie scale contracts are guaranteed for the first two years, with team options on the third and fourth years.

Here’s the 2022 breakdown, via Eric Pincus of Sports Business Classroom:

Player 2022/23 2023/24 2024/25 2025/26 Total
Paolo Banchero $11,055,120 $11,608,080 $12,160,800 $15,334,769 $50,158,769
Chet Holmgren $9,891,240 $10,386,000 $10,880,640 $13,731,368 $44,889,248
Jabari Smith $8,882,640 $9,326,520 $9,770,880 $12,350,392 $40,330,432
Keegan Murray $8,008,440 $8,409,000 $8,809,560 $11,144,093 $36,371,093
Jaden Ivey $7,252,200 $7,614,480 $7,977,240 $10,107,163 $32,951,083
Bennedict Mathurin $6,586,800 $6,916,080 $7,245,720 $9,187,573 $29,936,173
Shaedon Sharpe $6,012,960 $6,313,800 $6,614,160 $8,399,983 $27,340,903
Dyson Daniels $5,508,600 $5,784,120 $6,059,520 $7,707,709 $25,059,949
Jeremy Sochan $5,063,520 $5,316,960 $5,570,040 $7,096,231 $23,046,751
Johnny Davis $4,810,320 $5,050,800 $5,291,160 $6,746,229 $21,898,509
Ousmane Dieng $4,569,840 $4,798,440 $5,027,040 $6,770,882 $21,166,202
Jalen Williams $4,341,480 $4,558,680 $4,775,760 $6,580,997 $20,256,917
Jalen Duren $4,124,280 $4,330,680 $4,536,840 $6,483,144 $19,474,944
Ochai Agbaji $3,918,360 $4,114,200 $4,310,280 $6,383,525 $18,726,365
Mark Williams $3,722,040 $3,908,160 $4,094,280 $6,276,531 $18,001,011
AJ Griffin $3,536,180 $3,712,920 $3,889,920 $5,967,137 $17,106,157
Tari Eason $3,359,160 $3,527,160 $3,695,160 $5,675,766 $16,257,246
Dalen Terry $3,191,400 $3,350,760 $3,510,480 $5,399,118 $15,451,758
Jake LaRavia $3,047,640 $3,199,920 $3,352,680 $5,163,127 $14,763,367
Malaki Branham $2,925,600 $3,071,880 $3,217,920 $4,962,033 $14,177,433
Christian Braun $2,808,600 $2,949,120 $3,089,640 $4,921,797 $13,769,157
Walker Kessler $2,696,400 $2,831,160 $2,965,920 $4,878,938 $13,372,418
David Roddy $2,588,640 $2,718,240 $2,847,240 $4,831,766 $12,985,886
MarJon Beauchamp $2,420,400 $2,609,400 $2,733,720 $4,781,276 $12,544,796
Blake Wesley $2,385,480 $2,504,640 $2,624,280 $4,726,328 $12,240,728
Wendell Moore $2,306,520 $2,421,720 $2,537,040 $4,574,283 $11,839,563
Nikola Jovic $2,239,920 $2,352,000 $2,464,200 $4,445,417 $11,501,537
Patrick Baldwin $2,226,000 $2,337,720 $2,448,840 $4,420,156 $11,432,716
TyTy Washington $2,210,040 $2,320,440 $2,431,080 $4,388,099 $11,349,659
Peyton Watson $2,193,960 $2,303,520 $2,413,560 $4,356,476 $11,267,516

NBA Minimum Salaries For 2022/23

An NBA team that has spent all its cap space and doesn’t have any of its mid-level or bi-annual exception available still always has the ability to sign a player to a minimum-salary contract, unless that club is right up against its hard cap.

Teams with cap room or with access to the non-taxpayer mid-level exception will have a little more flexibility to sign players to longer-term minimum-salary contracts. However, teams without cap room and without any other exceptions on hand can still use the minimum salary exception to add as many players as roster limits and the hard cap allow, for contracts of up to two years. Unlike other exceptions, such as the mid-level or the bi-annual, the minimum salary exception can be used multiple times.

[RELATED: Values of 2022/23 mid-level, bi-annual exceptions]

Undrafted free agents and second-round picks are often recipients of minimum-salary contracts, but there are plenty of veterans who end up settling for the minimum too. Because a player’s minimum salary is determined by how much NBA experience he has, many veterans will earn more than twice as much money as a rookie will in 2022/23 on a minimum-salary contract.

Listed below are 2022/23’s minimum salary figures, sorted by years of NBA experience. If a player spent any time on an NBA club’s active regular season roster in a given season, he earned one year of experience. So any player with zero years of experience has not yet made his NBA debut.

These figures represent a 10% increase on last season’s figures, since that’s the amount of the NBA’s salary cap increase for 2022/23.

Here’s the full breakdown:

Years of Experience Salary
0 $1,017,781
1 $1,637,966
2 $1,836,090
3 $1,902,133
4 $1,968,175
5 $2,133,278
6 $2,298,385
7 $2,463,490
8 $2,628,597
9 $2,641,682
10+ $2,905,851

Because the NBA doesn’t want teams to avoid signing veteran players in favor of cheaper, younger players, the league reimburses clubs who sign veterans with three or more years of experience to one-year, minimum salary contracts. Those deals will only count against the cap – and against a team’s bank balance – for $1,836,090, the minimum salary for a player with two years of experience.

For instance, DeAndre Jordan, who has 14 seasons of NBA experience, is reportedly signing a one-year, minimum-salary contract with the Nuggets, who will only be charged $1,836,090 for Jordan’s contract. He’ll earn $2,905,851, but the NBA will make up the difference. This only applies to one-year contracts, rather than multiyear deals.

If a player signs a minimum-salary contract after the regular season begins, he’ll earn a prorated portion of the amount listed above.

Those figures listed above also only apply to players who are signing new contracts in 2022/23. Players who are in the second, third, or fourth year of a minimum-salary deal will be earning a slightly different predetermined amount.

For example, a player like Knicks guard Miles McBride – who signed a minimum-salary contract last offseason and now has one year of NBA experience – will earn a $1,563,518 salary in the second year of his contract, shy of the $1,637,966 he would receive if he were signing a new minimum deal this fall. That’s because his second-year salary is based on a 5% raise over last season’s minimum salary for a player with one year of experience, whereas the cap rose by 10%.

Here’s what multiyear minimum-salary contracts signed in 2022/23 will look like:

Experience
2022/23 2023/24 2024/25 2025/26
0 $1,017,781 $1,719,864 $2,019,699 $2,187,451
1 $1,637,966 $1,927,896 $2,092,344 $2,263,403
2 $1,836,090 $1,997,238 $2,164,993 $2,453,270
3 $1,902,133 $2,066,585 $2,346,606 $2,643,140
4 $1,968,175 $2,239,943 $2,528,221 $2,833,013
5 $2,133,278 $2,413,304 $2,709,839 $3,022,889
6 $2,298,385 $2,586,665 $2,891,458 $3,037,934
7 $2,463,490 $2,760,026 $2,905,850 $3,341,730
8 $2,628,597 $2,773,765 $3,196,438 $3,341,730
9 $2,641,682 $3,051,144 $3,196,438 $3,341,730
10+ $2,905,851 $3,051,144 $3,196,438 $3,341,730

Technically, a minimum-salary contract could cover five years for a player with full Bird rights, but in actuality, that never happens. While some second-round picks and undrafted free agents will sign three- or four-year minimum-salary contracts, a minimum deal exceeding two years is rare for a player with more than a year or two of NBA experience under his belt.


Information from RealGM was used in the creation of this post.

NBA Maximum Salaries For 2022/23

Now that the NBA has set its salary cap for the 2022/23 league year at $123,655,000, we have a clear idea of what maximum-salary contracts will look like for the coming season.

Listed below are the maximum-salary contracts for players signing contracts that start in 2022/23.

The first chart shows the maximum salaries for a player re-signing with his own team — a player’s previous team can offer five years instead of four, and 8% annual raises instead of 5% raises. The second chart shows the maximum salaries for a player signing with a new team.

These figures will apply to a number of players who signed maximum-salary contract extensions that will go into effect in 2022/23: Luka Doncic, Trae Young, Shai Gilgeous-Alexander, and Michael Porter Jr. They’ll also apply to anyone who signs a maximum-salary contract as a free agent this offseason — Bradley Beal, for instance.

A player’s maximum salary is generally determined by his years of NBA experience, so there’s a wide gap between potential earnings for younger and older players.

In the charts below, the “6 years or less” column details the maximum contracts for players like Gilgeous-Alexander and Porter, as well as what a free agent like Deandre Ayton is eligible for; the “7-9 years” column applies to free agents like Zach LaVine and to players who qualified for a Rose Rule rookie scale extension, such as Doncic and Young; and the “10+ years” column applies to the league’s most experienced vets, including Beal, or those who qualified for the super-max.

Here are the maximum salary figures for 2022/23:


A player re-signing with his own team (8% annual raises, up to five years):

Year 6 years or less 7-9 years 10+ years
2022/23 $30,913,750 $37,096,500 $43,279,250
2023/24 $33,386,850 $40,064,220 $46,741,590
2024/25 $35,859,950 $43,031,940 $50,203,930
2025/26 $38,333,050 $45,999,660 $53,666,270
2026/27 $40,806,150 $48,967,380 $57,128,610
Total $179,299,750 $215,159,700 $251,019,650

A player signing with a new team (5% annual raises, up to four years):

Year 6 years or less 7-9 years 10+ years
2022/23 $30,913,750 $37,096,500 $43,279,250
2023/24 $32,459,438 $38,951,325 $45,443,213
2024/25 $34,005,126 $40,806,150 $47,607,176
2025/26 $35,550,814 $42,660,975 $49,771,139
Total $132,929,128 $159,514,950 $186,100,778

It’s worth noting that none of the maximum-salary figures listed above will apply to extension-eligible players whose new contracts will start in 2023/24.

This group includes players like Nikola Jokic and Ja Morant, who are on track to sign max extensions with the Nuggets and Grizzlies, respectively. It also includes players who signed maximum-salary extensions in previous years that will begin in ’23/24, including Joel Embiid.

The exact value of those players’ contracts will depend on where the cap lands for 2023/24. The NBA has announced that the cap for ’23/24 is projected to come in at $133MM, but there’s plenty of time for that estimate to fluctuate between now and next summer.

Values Of 2022/23 Mid-Level, Bi-Annual Exceptions

The salary cap for the 2022/23 NBA league year has officially been set, with the league announcing that the cap will be $123,655,000, a 10% increase on last year’s number.

Under the league’s current Collective Bargaining Agreement, the values of the mid-level, room, and bi-annual exceptions are tied to the percentage that the salary cap shifts in a given year. Because the cap figure for 2022/23 increased by 10%, the values of the mid-level and bi-annual exceptions will increase by the same amount.

Listed below are the maximum annual and total values of each of these exceptions, along with a brief explanation of how they work and which teams will have access to them.


Mid-Level Exception (Non-Taxpayer):

Year Salary
2022/23 $10,490,000
2023/24 $11,014,500
2024/25 $11,539,000
2025/26 $12,063,500
Total $45,107,000

The non-taxpayer mid-level exception is the primary tool available for over-the-cap teams to add free agents. As long as a team hasn’t dipped below the cap to use cap space and doesn’t go over the tax apron ($156.98MM) at all, it can use this MLE, which runs for up to four years with 5% annual raises.


Mid-Level Exception (Taxpayer):

Year Salary
2022/23 $6,479,000
2023/24 $6,802,950
2024/25 $7,126,900
Total $20,408,850

If an over-the-cap team currently projects to be a taxpayer or expects to move into tax territory later in the 2022/23 season, it will have access to this smaller mid-level exception for taxpaying teams.

If a team uses more than $6,479,000 of its mid-level exception, it is forbidden from surpassing the tax apron at any time during the league year. So even if a team isn’t above the apron when it uses its MLE, it might make sense to play it safe by avoiding using the full MLE and imposing a hard cap.

The taxpayer MLE can be used to sign a player for up to three years, with 5% annual raises.


Room Exception:

Year Salary
2022/23 $5,401,000
2023/24 $5,671,050
Total $11,072,050

Although this is also a mid-level exception of sorts, it’s colloquially known as the “room” exception, since it’s only available to teams that go below the cap and use their cap room.

If a club goes under the cap, it loses its full mid-level exception, but gets this smaller room exception, which allows the team to go over the cap to sign a player once the team has used up all its cap space. It can be used to sign players for up to two years, with a 5% raise for the second season.


Bi-Annual Exception:

Year Salary
2022/23 $4,105,000
2023/24 $4,310,250
Total $8,415,250

The bi-annual exception, as its name suggests, is only available to teams once every two years. Of the NBA’s 30 clubs, only two – the Mavericks and Bullsused it in 2021/22, so they won’t have access to it in 2022/23. The league’s other 28 teams could theoretically use it this season.

Still, even if a team didn’t use its BAE in ’21/22, that club doesn’t necessarily have access to it for the coming year. As is the case with the non-taxpayer MLE, this exception disappears once a team goes under the cap to use room. It’s also not available to teams over the tax apron — using the BAE creates a hard cap at the apron.

The BAE can be used to sign players for up to two years, with a 5% raise after year one.


Note: Be sure to check out our Hoops Rumors Glossary for more information on the mid-level exception and the bi-annual exception.

Salary Cap, Tax Line Set For 2022/23 NBA Season

Amid a flurry of early contract agreements during the first couple hours of 2022’s free agent period, the NBA has officially set the salary cap for its 2022/23 season. As reported earlier this week, the cap increased by a full 10% on last season’s $112,414,000 figure.

Here are the details, courtesy of a league press release and a Twitter thread from Eric Pincus of Bleacher Report:

  • Salary cap: $123,655,000
  • Luxury tax line: $150,267,000
  • Salary floor: $111,290,000
  • Non-taxpayer mid-level exception: $10,490,000
  • Taxpayer mid-level exception: $6,479,000
  • Room exception: $5,401,000
  • Maximum salaries:
    • 6 years or fewer: $30,913,750
    • 7-9 years: $37,096,500
    • 10+ years: $43,279,250
  • Early Bird exception: $10,843,350
  • Estimated average salary: $10,792,000
  • Tax apron: $156,983,000
  • Trade cash limit: $6,363,000

The tax apron for the 2022/23 league year will be the hard cap for any team that acquires a player via sign-and-trade, signs a player using more than the taxpayer portion of the mid-level exception, or signs a player using a bi-annual exception.

The Early Bird exception is the maximum amount a team can offer a player it intends to re-sign using his Early Bird rights. Bobby Portis (Bucks) and Nicolas Batum (Clippers) are among the players who have already agreed to Early Bird deals.

Players earning below the estimated average salary who are eligible for a veteran extension can receive a starting salary of up to 120% of the estimated average salary on a new deal. So the maximum starting salary for a player earning below the league average who signs an extension that begins in 2023/24 will be $12,950,400.

[RELATED: Maximum Salaries For 2022/23]

[RELATED: Minimum Salaries For 2022/23]

[RELATED: Values Of 2022/23 Mid-Level, Bi-Annual Exceptions]

The salary floor is the minimum amount a team must pay its players in 2022/23. A team that doesn’t spend up to that amount will distribute the shortfall to its players. For instance, the Thunder had a shortfall of $22.7MM in ’21/22, which will be divided among their players, tweets Pincus.

The trade cash limit is the maximum amount of money a team can send or receive during the 2022/23 league year. The sent and received categories are separate, so if a team sends out $6,363,000 in one trade and receives $6,363,000 in another, they aren’t back at square one — they’ve reached both limits.

The NBA has also updated its salary cap projections for the 2023/24 season and is now forecasting a $133MM cap and a $161MM tax line, according to Pincus (Twitter link).

NBA Salary Cap Projection For 2022/23 Increases

12:41pm: According to Keith Smith of Spotrac (Twitter link), the new projections for 2022/23 are as follows:

  • Salary cap: $123,655,000
  • Luxury tax: $150,267,000
  • Tax apron: $156,983,000
    • Note: This would be the hard cap for teams that acquire a player via sign-and-trade, use the bi-annual exception, or use more than the taxpayer portion of the mid-level exception.

The NBA will officially finalize the cap and tax numbers before free agency opens on Thursday evening.


12:05pm: The NBA’s salary cap projection for the 2022/23 season, which has been $122MM for months, has received a slight bump, according to reports from Jake Fischer of Bleacher Report and Tim Bontemps of ESPN (Twitter links).

Both Fischer and Bontemps suggest that the cap could come in at $123.6MM rather than $122MM. That would represent roughly a 10% increase over the $112,414,000 cap that applied to the 2021/22 season.

While a $1.6MM difference from the previous projection may not seem like a significant change, it’ll have an impact on players and teams around the league, especially since the projected luxury tax line and tax apron will increase along with the cap. Clubs that anticipated being be right around the tax will have a bit more breathing room, while those below the cap will have slightly more spending power.

It’s good news for players who have signed maximum-salary contracts that go into effect in 2022/23 or who are eligible for max deals as free agents. For instance, a potential five-year maximum-salary contract for Bradley Beal would be worth $250.9MM instead of $247.7MM; a five-year max deal for Zach LaVine would come in at a little over $215MM instead of $212.3MM.

The projections for minimum salaries, mid-level and bi-annual exceptions, and rookie scale salaries would also rise if the cap does.

NBA Updates Salary Cap Projection For 2022/23

The NBA has released another update to the projected salary cap for next season, informing teams that it’s now projecting a $122MM salary cap and a $149MM luxury tax line for 2022/23, according to Shams Charania of The Athletic (Twitter link).

On February 4, the league informed teams of a projected $121MM salary cap and a $147MM lux tax line, so both figures have increased slightly over the past seven-plus weeks.

The cap projections for 2022/23 have been steadily on the rise over the last year-and-a-half. During the 2020 offseason, the NBA estimated a $115.7MM cap and a $140MM tax line for ’22/23. In August 2021, the league increased those estimates to $119MM and $145MM.

The latest increased projections likely won’t have a significant impact on teams’ plans during free agency this summer, but teams that project to have cap room can plan on having a little more space than they originally anticipated, while clubs that will be at or above the tax line can expect a small amount of relief.

The NBA’s salary cap for the 2021/22 season is $112,414,000, with a tax threshold of $136,606,000. If the cap for next season comes in at $122MM, as projected, it would be an increase of $9.6MM on this season’s figure — that would be the biggest single-year bump since 2016, when the cap spiked to $94.1MM from $70MM.